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抗震救灾词汇(中英对照)
 

  爱心love

  爱心工程Loving Care Project

  爱心捐赠love donations
  过渡安置transition resettlement
  深切哀悼deep condolences
  搜救犬search and rescue dog

  安慰console

  被困在废墟之中be trapped in the debris

  波动,起伏,横摇roll across

  部队armed forces

  残骸wreckage

  颤动,震动tremor

  撤离evacuation

  筹款人fundraiser

  慈善捐款charitable donations

  慈善团Mercy Corps

  大地震massive earthquake

  导流明渠diversion channel
  地震救灾指挥部quake relief headquarters
  最迫切的任务most pressing task
  推土机bulldozer
  受地震影响的地区quake-affected area
  严重心理问题severe psychological problem
  症状规避symptoms of elusion
  提高警觉heighten vigilance
  通过交谈安抚受害者pacify victims through conversation
  精神病学专家psychiatrist

  地陷land collapse

  地震earthquake,seism

  地震表面波seismic surface wave

  地震波seismic wave

  地震波传播时间seismic travel time

  地震波路径seismic wave path

  地震测量seismic survey

  地震冲击seismic shock

  地震传播seismic spread

  地震带seismic belt

  地震分析seismic analysis

  地震工程earthquake engineering

  地震构造的seismotectonic

  地震观测seismological observation

  地震环境earthquake environment

  地震活动空白地带seismic gap

  地震计seismometer

  地震记录seismographic record

  地震监控earthquake monitoring

  地震力seismic force

  地震烈度earthquake intensity

  地震能量earthquake energy

  地震频率earthquake frequency

  地震前兆earthquake precursor

  地震强度计seismic intensity scale

  地震区seismic zone

  地震区划分seismic zoning

  地震区域图seismicity map

  地震深度earthquake depth

  地震首波seismic head wave

  地震数据seismic data

  地震衰减earthquake attenuation

  地震台seismostation

  地震台网earthquake network

  地震天文学seismoastronomy

  地震危害性seismic hazard

  地震物理学seismophysics

  地震系数seismic coefficient

  地震效应earthquake effect

  地震信号seismic signal

  地震性质seismic property

  地震学seismology

  地震学家seismologist

  地震仪seismoscope

  地震应力seismic stress

  地震有关的腐败quake-related corruption

  地震预报仪seismic prospector

  地震云earthquake cloud

  地震运动seismic motion

  地震载荷seismic load

  地震震源seismic focus

  地震周期earthquake cycle

  地震阻断道路quake buckled road

  地震作用earthquake action

  电解质不平衡electrolyte imbalance
  生理盐水解决方案physiological saline solution
  受灾地区disaster-hit area

  吊唁condolence

  动物尸体animal carcass

  豆腐渣工程jerry-built projects

  堵塞河道clogging river

  对口支援give assistance to an oriented area

  多难兴邦more difficulties help invigorate a nation.

  发呆状态in a stuporous state

  废墟ruins

  分洪flood diversion

  感同身受feel as though one experiences sth.

  感振运动seismonastic movement

  隔离病房isolation ward

  共度难关weather through thick and thin together

  构造地震tectonic earthquake

  孤儿orphan

  孤老the old and childless

  骨折fracture

  关爱者caregiver

  国际分析心理学会IAAP (International Association of Analytical Psychology)

  国际援助international contributions

  国殇elegy of the nation

  航空救援直升机air rescue helicopter

  核震seismic core

  红十字会Red Cross

  红十字会与红新月会国际联合会International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

  红星月会Red Crescent Societies

  呼救call for help或yell for help

  滑坡landslides

  恢复生产production recovery

  毁灭devastate

  活动板房portable shelter

  火山地震valcanic earthquake

  货运直升机freight helicopter

  降半旗fly a flag at half-mast

  经常发生地震的quake-prone

  经受住地震withstand the quake

  精神伤害mental injury

  警察(通称,含armed police武警)paramilitary troop

  净水器water purifier

  救护直升机ambulance helicopter

  救援人员rescuer

  救援小组rescue team

  救灾工作rescue effort

  救灾物资relief supplies

  捐款donation

  康复rehabilitation

  抗震结构earthquake-resistant structure

  抗震救灾earthquake relief work

  抗震稳定性seismic stability

  空降兵airborne force

  空降部队airborne troops

  空投救灾物资airdrop relief supplies

  垮塌collapse

  里氏7.8级地震at a scale of 7.8 on the Richter calculations

  里氏震级Richter Scale

  裂开,破开rip through

  临时住房makeshift shelter

  流行病epidemic

  流行病爆发epidemic outbreak

  美国地质局USGS (U.S. Geological Survey)

  默哀stand in silent tribute

  内伤internal injury

  耐震seismic restraint

  泥石流mudrock flow

  破坏捣毁shatter

  破坏destroy

  起重直升机crane helicopter

  情系灾区always keep our love and care for the disaster area

  认养adopt
  溶坑湖sinkhole lake

  弱势群体vulnerable communities

  山体滑坡mountain landslide

  生命探测仪life-detection equipment

  失散儿童separated children

  使颠簸,摇晃jolt

  世界地震图seismic world map

  受灾地区disaster area

  受灾最严重的地区worst-hit area

  疏通dredge

  死伤casualty

  死亡人数death toll

  损害,损伤damage

  突然发生,打击strike

  推倒,夷平level

  外伤trauma

  卫生防疫hygiene and disease control

  污染扩散dispersal of pollution

  污染源pollution source

  无家可归homeless

  袭击、打击,使遭受hit

  陷落地震collapse earthquake

  献血blood donation

  消毒剂disinfectant

  消防直升机fire helicopter

  小地震smaller tremors

  泄洪flood discharge

  泄流discharge

  泄流槽flood relief channel

  泄流槽sluice channel

  心理创伤psychological trauma
  心理疏导psychological counseling
  心理危机psychological crisis

  心理学家psychologist

  心理支持psychological support
  受灾地区disaster-stricken area
  心理健康psychological health

  心理治疗psychotherapy

  心理援助psychological aid
  心系震区always think of quake-affected area

  幸存者survivor

  悬停(直升机)hovering

  堰塞湖quake lake (barrier lake, dammed lake)

  摇,摇动,使振动rock

  遥感飞机remote sensing aircraft

  遥感观察remote sensing observation

  一方有难,八方支援When disaster struck, help came from all sides.

  医疗队medical team

  医疗直升机hospital helicopter

  夷为平地flatten

  遗体remains

  以人为本people-oriented, put the people at core

  易感人群susceptible population

  疫苗接种vaccination

  溢流overflow

  引发山体滑坡trigger mountain landslide

  应急反应emergency response

  余震aftershock

  孕震区seismogenic zone

  灾民disaster victim

  灾难catastrophe

  战地医院mobile hospital

  帐篷tent

  赈济relieve

  赈灾relieve the people in disaster

  震波速度seismic velocity

  震电效应seismo-electric effect

  震动,摇晃shake

  震感seisesthesia

  震级magnitude

  震情seismic regime

  震情会商seismologic consideration

  震区seismic area

  震群earthquake clusters

  震中epicenter

  直升机helicopter

  志愿者volunteer

  中央断裂带central rift zone

  众志成城The united will of the masses is like a fortress.

  重建家园rebuild hometown

  重型直升机heavy helicopter

  舟桥pontoon bridge

  自然灾害natural disaster

  阻挡道路buckle road

 
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